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The Twelve.

The Twelve Apostles or the Twelve or the Apostles[1][2][3] were a group of men called by Jesus Christ to act as the first college of bishops of the Catholic Church.[4] Their leader and representative was Peter, who spoke on their behalf[5] and through whom Christ spoke to the other Apostles.[6] Peter, James and John were the closest of the Apostles to Christ, who let them witness his Transfiguration[7] and his agony in the Garden of Gethsemane.[8] The significance of the Twelve is that they represented the twelve tribes of Israel,[9] the fishermen and hunters who would hunt for souls for God,[10] the tax collectors who would enter the Kingdom of God before the Pharisees,[11] the call of sinners,[12] and the expansion of Israel to include the Gentiles.[13] After the suicide of Judas, the Apostles - than called the Eleven - cast lots to see who would succeed him in office; Matthew (Matthias) thus became the first successor of an Apostle,[14] although not the first bishop, since Christ and the Apostles were the first bishops.[15]

NamesEdit

Full Name English Transliteration Short-for Meaning Significence

Sim'on Cephas Bar-Jonah[16]

Simon Peter, Son of Jonas[17] Peter[18] Greek: Rock[19] Simon is called Peter by Jesus to signify that "...on this rock I will build my Church,..."[20]
Andreas Bar-Jonah[21] Andrew, Son of Jonas[22] Andrew[23] Greek: Man[24]
Jacob Bar-Zebedee[25] James, Son of Zebedee[26] James[27] Hebrew: Heel[28]
Jacob Bar-Alphaeus[29] James, Son of Alphaeus[30] James the Less[31] Hebrew: Heel[32]
Johanan Bar-Zebedee[33] John, Son of Zebedee[34] John[35] Hebrew: YHWH is merciful[36]
Phillip Bethsaida[37] Philip of Bethsaida[38] Philip[39] Greek: Friend of horses[40]

Nethan'el Bar-Tolmay[41]

Nathaneal Bartholomew[42] Bartholomew[43] Hebrew: Son of Tolmay[44]
Levi Matthathias Bar-Alphaeus[45] Levi Matthew, Son of Alphaeus[46] Matthew[47] Hebrew: Gift of God[48]
Judah Te'oma[49] Judas Thomas[50] Thomas[51] Hebrew: Twin[52]
Judah Taddai[53] Judas Thaddeus[54] Jude[55] Hebrew: To praise God[56]
Sim'on Zelotes[57] Simon the Zealot[58] Simon[59] Hebrew: He who has heard the Word of God[60]
Judah Bar-Iscariot[61] Judas, Son of Iscariot[62] Judas[63] Hebrew: To praise God[64]

ListsEdit

Gospel of MatthewEdit

Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James, Thaddeus, Simon, and Judas Iscariot.[65]

Gospel of MarkEdit

Peter, James, John, Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James, Thaddeus, Simon, and Judas Iscariot.[66]

Gospel of LukeEdit

Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James, Simon, Judas, and Judas Iscariot.[67]

Gospel of JohnEdit

There is no list of the Apostles in the Gospel of John, but the Apostles mentioned include: Andrew, John,[68] Peter,[69] Philip,[70] Nathanael,[71] Judas Iscariot,[72], Thomas,[73] and Judas.[74]

NotesEdit

  1. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PVJ.HTM#-2ZU
  2. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PWP.HTM#-3JL
  3. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXW.HTM#-401
  4. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p2s2c3a6.htm#1577
  5. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PVP.HTM#-33E
  6. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PVP.HTM#-33L
  7. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PVQ.HTM#-33R
  8. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PVZ.HTM#-3A7
  9. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_P134.HTM#92
  10. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PPU.HTM#CW
  11. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PVU.HTM#-36N
  12. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p122a4p1.htm#588
  13. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PY5.HTM#2A
  14. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PXV.HTM#-3ZT
  15. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p123a9p3.htm#858
  16. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PW5.HTM#-3D4
  17. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PVP.HTM#-33F
  18. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PVP.HTM#-33L
  19. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_%28given_name%29
  20. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PVP.HTM#-33G
  21. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PX9.HTM#-3QS
  22. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PX9.HTM#NU
  23. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PX9.HTM#LA
  24. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew
  25. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PVD.HTM#C1
  26. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PWC.HTM#L8
  27. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PW5.HTM#92
  28. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_%28name%29
  29. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PW5.HTM#9S
  30. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PWP.HTM#8Y
  31. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PWH.HTM#-3H2
  32. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_%28name%29
  33. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PVD.HTM#C1
  34. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PWC.HTM#L8
  35. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PXL.HTM#-3WF
  36. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_%28given_name%29
  37. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PX9.HTM#-3QT
  38. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXK.HTM#-3VY
  39. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXK.HTM#CJ
  40. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_%28name%29
  41. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PX9.HTM#O4
  42. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXV.HTM#92
  43. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PVJ.HTM#1M
  44. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartholomew_%28name%29
  45. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PW4.HTM#-3CO
  46. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PVI.HTM#-2ZA
  47. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PWP.HTM#8S
  48. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matthew_%28name%29
  49. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXJ.HTM#-3VB
  50. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXS.HTM#EW
  51. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXS.HTM#-3Z5
  52. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_%28name%29
  53. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PWP.HTM#-3JO
  54. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PW5.HTM#9T
  55. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_P12I.HTM#HV
  56. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jude_the_Apostle#New_Testament
  57. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PWP.HTM#-3JN
  58. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXV.HTM#9B
  59. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PWP.HTM#94
  60. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_%28given_name%29
  61. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PW5.HTM#A0
  62. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXL.HTM#1B
  63. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PX5.HTM#1D
  64. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judas
  65. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PVJ.HTM#-2ZU
  66. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PW5.HTM#8X
  67. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PWP.HTM#8I
  68. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PX9.HTM#-3QP
  69. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PX9.HTM#-3QR
  70. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PX9.HTM#-3QT
  71. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PX9.HTM#O4
  72. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXE.HTM#15O
  73. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXJ.HTM#-3VB
  74. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_PXM.HTM#-3WU

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